Legacy Preparatory Academy feels the best way to achieve our philosophy is through the Classical Education Model. The main components of a Classical Education are as follows:
1. Classical Education is a language-intensive education. It demands that students use and understand words. During the first four years of instruction, classical education has two purposes: to teach the child to read quickly, well, and habitually; and to fill the student's mind with stories of every kind, such as myths, legends, classic tales, biographies, poems, and great stories from history.
2. Classical Education uses history as its organizing outline, beginning with the ancients and progressing forward to the moderns in history, science, literature, art, and music. This framework provides students with a comprehensive view of the human endeavor from the beginning until now.
3. Classical Education trains the mind to analyze and draw conclusions.
4. Classical Education demands self-discipline.
5. Classical Education produces literate, curious, intelligent students who have a wide range of interest and the ability to follow up on them.
6. Classical Education prepares students to read, write, calculate, think and understand.
Classical Education also includes the Trivium school of thought. The Trivium concept is divided into three specific stages that are designed to coincide with children's natural development: the grammar stage, the logic stage, and the rhetoric stage.
During the grammar stage (grades 1-4) the mind is ready to absorb information. Embedding information through memorization and other methods are tools by which the mind learns. The grammar stage brings students to a mastery of basic skills in the disciplines of reading, writing, arithmetic, history and science. As a building block stage, it teaches students what to know and how to learn, laying the foundation for advanced study.
During the logic stage (grades 5-8) the students begin to think more analytically. They develop higher-order thinking, problem solving and metacognitive strategies. They start to ask "Why?" They pay attention to cause and effect. They can evaluate, trace connections, and identify relationships among differing fields of knowledge. They begin to organize information and understand the way facts fit together into a logical framework.
As the student approaches the rhetoric stage, he continues to develop and refine the critical thinking skills needed to analyze arguments. Students learn to write and speak with clear, original, and forceful language. The rhetoric stage covers grades 9-12 and will be addressed in Legacy Preparatory Academy’s 9th grade.
These classical concepts are more fully discussed in The Well-Trained Mind, by Jesse Wise and Susan Wise-Bauer. These principles will guide LPA's decisions about curricula.